Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) or E-waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world. In developed countries, it equals 1% of total solid waste on an average. The increasing “market penetration” in developing countries, “replacement market” in developed countries and “high obsolescence rate” make WEEE/E-waste one of the fastest waste streams. Globally, WEEE/ E-waste are most commonly used terms for electronic waste. There is no standard definition of WEEE/ E-waste. Overall term e-waste itself is self-explanatory, in the sense that it is an abbreviation of “electronic waste”. The item has no further use and is rejected as useless or excess to the owner in its current condition. E-Waste or electronic waste are broadly describes loosely discarded, surplus, obsolete, broken, electrical or electronic devices which are at the end of their useful life and need to be disposed or dismantled to recover some valuable components. The problem of E-Waste has become an immediate and long term concern as its unregulated and improper accumulation and recycling can lead to major environmental problems endangering not only human and animal health but also environment health due to toxic and other dangerous materials available in them.
According to E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011 E-waste has been defined as “waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded”. Whereas Electrical and electronic equipment has been defined as “equipment which is dependent on electrical currents or electro-magnetic fields to be fully functional”.
E-Waste Identification :